Useful Travel Information Peru

Visiting Peru for the first time? Here we have some information that could help you.

General Info Peru

Peru is the third largest country in South America, it is an extremely biodiverse country, It is made up of a variety of landscapes, with habitats ranging from the arid plains of the Pacific coastal region in the west to the peaks of the Andes mountains vertically extending from the north to the southeast of the country to the tropical Amazon Basin rainforest in the east with the Amazon river.

Peru is a very old country. it was home of the CARAL Culture (5,000 years ego) these people built pyramids on the desert of Peru.

Lima is the capital, a modern city and entrance door to the country.

The people of Peru are a mix of many different cultures, including Andinos (Inkas), Spaniards and other Europeans, descendants of African, and Asians from Japan and China.

Population: 32 million, languaje: Spanish with 80% literacy rate. Quechua is also an official language. Aymara is spoken by people around lake Titicaca and dozens of languages are spoken by the native inhabitants of the Amazon basin.

Most Peruvians follow the Catholic religion introduced by the Spanish during the 16th century but also they follow the Inca traditions “celebrating the Inti Raymi” on the 24th of July.

Electricity: Electricity in Peru is 220 volts AC, 60 cycles. Some hotels have 110 volts AC or adapters.

What to Do/See in Peru?

The South of Peru has a lot to offer to visitors, explore the desert of Peru and overfly the enigmatic Nazca Lines in Nazca city, visit Arequipa city and the Colca Canyon the deepest canyons in the world, go to Lake Titicaca the highest Navigate Lake on the world in Puno city, explore the Amazon (Manu Park) or walk the famous Inca trail and the beautiful Rainbow mountain during your expedition to Machu Picchu in Cusco.
Cities to Visit: Lima, Ica, Arequipa, Puno and Cusco


Lima’s city center is a UNESCO World Heritage site and as soon as you drive through it you’ll understand why. Amber painted neo-baroque and neoclassical architecture styles line the Plaza Mayor and when the night time lights turn on, the city of kings really does look gold. Photographers, romantics, and wanderlusters need to cross seeing this historic landmark in Peru off of their bucket list.

The San Francisco Convent is a famous landmark in the historic center of Lima. A baroque style church towers above while below the catacombs house hundreds of artfully arranged human bones. Inside features geometric tile-work, a library filled with historic texts in their original leather bindings, and a serene inner courtyard and garden.

Museo Larco or Larco Museum is #1 on Tripadvisor for things to do in Lima! Built inside an 18th-century mansion, the collection of over 30,000 Peruvian artifacts housed in this Lima museum is impressive. The coolest part? The pieces not on display in the main museum are still accessible for the public to view! Bonus: The Larco Café is a gorgeous spot to have dinner after your museum tour.

Have become a common sight in Miraflores, as soon as you get closer to the cliffs or to Larcomar area:
We offer paragliding both tandem flights and paragliding lessons.Since this flight will provide you a privileged panoramic view of Lima beaches and cliffs, and the sea, of course, flying over the coastal areas of Chorrillos, Barranco, Miraflores, Magdalena and San Miguel.

Isla Palomino (swimming with sea lions)
Not enough time to take a day trip from Lima to Islas Ballestas in Paracas? Head to the nearby Palomino Islands in Callao where you’ll be invited to jump into the (cold!) water and swim with sea lions!

Costa Verde
Lima has a bunch of easily accessible beaches, that offer a complete experience to the visitor; sea, beaches, restaurants for all budgets and the possibility of practicing some nautical sports. These beaches are lined up and connected by a road that tours through several districts: San Miguel, San Isidro, Miraflores and Barranco, and are open to visitors during all the year, due to the benign, mild Lima weather. Some of the most popular beaches are Redondo, Agua Dulce, and La Herradura, that can get really crowded in summer. Surfers come here during all the year too.

Parque de Miraflores
(Miraflores Central Park, aka Kennedy Park, too) is almost the heart of Miraflores' center: everything takes place around or very close to this place. Not only it has an amphitheater where many different shows take place daily, but there are food and desserts stalls and several fast-food places surrounding it; there's souvenirs vendors, street artists, and even a children's playground. There are surveillance cameras hidden at certain sports, and there is free wi-fi available.


The city of Ica is the capital of the Ica region in southern Peru. While the area was long inhabited by varying cultures of indigenous people.

Ballestas Islands
The Islas Ballestas near Paracas is also called the Poor Man’s Galapagos Islands.

Where you’ll visit some rock formations and see a glimpse of the marine life. Home to various species of marine animals, passing by the mysterious geoglyph called El Candelabro (candlestick).

We set out in a straight line to the actual Peruvian Pelicans, Humboldt Penguins, Peruvian boobies, red-legged and Guanay Cormorants and some Inca Terns.

Huacachina Oasis (Adrenaline)
Built around a small oasis surrounded by sand dunes. It is in the Ica province, about five kilometers from the city of Ica.

Desert adventure in a buggy in the dunes of Ica. Those who wish, can go sandboarding and enjoy a spectacular sunset in the desert of Ica. Lots of fun and a great opportunity to take amazing pictures of the desert. This tour lasts about 2 hours.

Nazca lines (overflight)
What do a giant hummingbird, a monkey, and an astronaut have in common? Well, apart from the fact that they're all etched into the floor of the desert near Nazca, no one really seems to know.

Welcome to one of the world's greatest mysteries—the enigmatic Nazca Lines.

The flight takes 30 min. We will fly over the famous geoglyphs, such as the Whale, the Astronaut, the Monkey, the Hummingbird, among others. Cerro Blanco, the highest sand dune in the world.


Santa Catalina Monastery
This labyrinth of a monastery will take you the majority of the day to explore. Santa Catalina Monastery has been nicknamed “the city within a city.” This is due to its expansive size, and the fact that between its opening in 1579 and 1970 the convent remained completely shut off from the outside world. Highlights include traditional kitchens and living quarters, the central cloister, the picturesque silence yard, and an impressive art gallery boasting roughly 400 restored works of religious art.

Colca Canyon- the World’s largest Canyon
The largest Canyon in the world is under argument, but let’s say it’s large. Ancient Inca terrasses are build against the rims of the canyon and condors are supposed to be seen on a daily basis.

I plan on going hiking in the canyon and hopefully, if I’m lucky, see the searing birds of prey: the Condors of the Colca Canyon.


Lake Titicaca - Floating Islands
Lake Titicaca has some 41 floating reed islands on it that are an interesting experience for any traveler. These man-made islands have a fascinating history and story behind them.

Although in modern times it can be argued that they are a bit "touristy" and somewhat artificial, it is also a fact that for thousands of years up to now, the Uros people have lived on and maintained these unique Peruvian islands, depending on the lake for their survival.


Most visitors are keen to get to Machu Picchu, either by trekking for 4 days, or by 4 hours in the train, but Cusco itself has a lot to offer, the visitor and most travelers usually end up seduced with this vibrant city and stay longer than first planned.

You will need to buy the BTC
It is a multi-pass for the main tourist attractions in Cusco.

Let say If you planning to do a tour in Cusco area like City tour or Sacred valley you will need this Ticket, It is not valid for Machu Picchu.

City Cusco
Discover the captivating city of Cusco, known as the 'Navel of the World.' Situated at 3,360m above sea level, Cusco combines indigenous charm with modern influences.

Explore ancient Inca ruins like Sacsayhuaman and Quenqo, visit the Koricancha sun temple, browse the vibrant San Pedro market, and admire the majestic Cathedral of Cusco. Join our four-hour tour for an immersive experience of Cusco's rich history and cultural heritage.

Sacred Valley tour
This valley is full of Inca sites and history, Visit Chinchero town and its weaving center (Inca technic), Moray Inca ruins, a beautiful Agriculture Inca site, Salineras salt mines, and Ollantaytambo Inca temple.

To visit and explore the sacred valley you have different options:
Car, cycling, Quad Bikes or Horse riding

These journeys can be for a day or more. The ideal time of year for these activities is between April and November.

Rainbow Mountain
The Ausangate is one the highest glaciers in the Andes, the Rainbow mountain, also know as Vinicunca is a painted hill hidden deep in the Andes (colored minerals) an undiscovered land full of wildly desert landscapes, snow-capped glaciated peaks, herds of alpaca, and pristine beauty.

You can do one day hike to rainbow mountain option OR the 2 days option torainbow mountain.

Hikes to Machupicchu
Discover a range of incredible hiking options, including the famous Inca Trail, as well as alternative routes to reach Machu Picchu. While the Inca Trail requires advance booking due to limited permits, we offer several other captivating hikes to consider:

• Inca Trail 2 days: A condensed version of the iconic Inca Trail, allowing you to experience the highlights in a shorter timeframe.

• Salkantay: Immerse yourself in breathtaking landscapes, including snow-capped mountains, lush valleys, and serene lakes, on this challenging and rewarding trek.

• Choquequirao: Trek to the lesser-known "sister city" of Machu Picchu and explore its fascinating ruins surrounded by impressive mountain scenery.

• Ausangate and Rainbow Mountain: Embark on a high-altitude trek that takes you to the majestic Ausangate mountain and rewards you with vibrant views of the famous Rainbow Mountain.

Each hike offers a unique experience, showcasing the beauty of the Andean landscapes and the rich history of the region. Whether you choose the classic Inca Trail or one of the alternative routes, you're bound to create unforgettable memories on your journey to Machu Picchu.

Amazon trips
If you are in Cusco, flight to Tambopata Park (1 hour) or bus to Manu park. They are two popular destinations in Peru known for their exceptional biodiversity and stunning natural beauty. Here's an overview of tours in Tambopata and Manu Park:

•Tambopata 4 days tour: flights in and out Tambopata National Reserve is located in the Amazon Rainforest, offering incredible wildlife viewing and immersive jungle experiences. Tours in Tambopata typically involve staying in eco-lodges or jungle camps and exploring the rainforest on foot and by boat. You can encounter a variety of wildlife, including monkeys, macaws, jaguars, and river dolphins. Guided hikes, night walks, and boat excursions allow you to explore the rainforest's diverse ecosystems and learn about its flora and fauna from knowledgeable guides.

•Manu 4 days tour:(car round trip) Manu National Park is one of the most biodiverse areas on the planet, known for its untouched rainforest, remote location, and abundance of wildlife. Tours in Manu often involve longer trips and deeper immersion into the rainforest. You can explore pristine habitats, encounter unique wildlife species, and observe colorful birds and mammals. Activities may include jungle hikes, wildlife spotting, birdwatching, and visits to oxbow lakes. Manu tours also offer opportunities to interact with indigenous communities and learn about their traditional way of life. Both Tambopata and Manu provide incredible opportunities to explore the Amazon Rainforest, observe wildlife in its natural habitat, and appreciate the pristine beauty of the jungle. Guided tours ensure a safe and informative experience, allowing you to make the most of your time in these remarkable natural wonders

Home Stay in Cusco
Immerse yourself in the local culture and stay with a welcoming host family. You'll have the opportunity to live in a traditional home, learn about their customs and daily life, and build connections with the locals
During your homestay, you'll be treated as a member of the family, sharing meals together and engaging in meaningful conversations. This is a wonderful chance to practice your language skills, learn about local traditions, and gain a deeper understanding of the community.
Your host family may also offer activities or excursions that allow you to explore the surrounding area, visit nearby attractions, or participate in traditional rituals and festivities. A homestay in Cusco provides a unique and immersive cultural experience, fostering personal connections and creating lasting memories. It's a fantastic way to go beyond being a tourist and truly engage with the local way of life.

Ayahuasca Ceremony
Ayahuasca ceremonies in Cusco provide a unique and spiritual experience for those seeking inner exploration and personal growth. Here's an overview of ayahuasca ceremonies in Cusco:

Ayahuasca is a powerful plant medicine traditionally used by indigenous cultures in the Amazon rainforest for healing and spiritual purposes. In recent years, its popularity has spread, and various retreat centers and experienced shamans now offer ayahuasca ceremonies in Cusco.

During an ayahuasca ceremony, participants consume a brew made from the Ayahuasca vine and other plant ingredients. The ceremony is typically conducted in a sacred space under the guidance of an experienced shaman. The shaman leads the ceremony, singing icaros (traditional songs), and providing spiritual guidance throughout the experience.

Ayahuasca is known for its profound effects on consciousness, often leading to intense and transformative experiences. Participants may experience visions, deep introspection, emotional releases, and spiritual insights. The ceremony is regarded as a deeply personal and healing journey, allowing individuals to confront and process their inner struggles, gain clarity, and cultivate a deeper connection with themselves and the universe.

It's important to approach ayahuasca ceremonies with respect, preparation, and proper guidance. It's recommended to choose a reputable retreat center or shaman who follows ethical practices and provides a safe and supportive environment for participants.

Participating in an ayahuasca ceremony in Cusco can be a profound and life-changing experience for those seeking spiritual growth, self-discovery, and healing. However, it's essential to approach it with caution, understanding the potential risks and benefits, and making an informed decision based on personal readiness and intention

Whitewater Rafting
One of the most pleasant Activities is running the river in an inflatable rubber raft, During the journey, you will observe abundant flora and fauna, surrounded by splendid Andean Scenary.
The Urubamba River offers good rapids (class 3+), after the river stop at camping side for Sauna and Zipline.

Mountin Bike
Biking in Cusco offers exciting opportunities to explore the city's streets and nearby areas. From navigating the historic center to venturing into the Sacred Valley or enjoying downhill mountain biking, there are options for various interests and skill levels

Horse backriding
Enjoy a thrilling horseback riding experience in Cusco, where you can explore the beautiful landscapes in a shorter time frame. Ride through the picturesque Sacred Valley, visit local villages, and take in the stunning views of the Andean mountains. Choose a reputable tour operator that provides well-trained horses and experienced guides for a safe and enjoyable adventure.

Visit Machu Picchu
Spanish pronunciation: [ˈmatʃu ˈpitʃu], "Old Peak" is located 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level. Machu picchu is a symbol of the Incan Empire and built around 1450AD, Machu Picchu was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 and was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007

From June to September are the busiest months when as many as 3500 people visit the ruins everyday. Even during the low season you can expect between 1500 and 2000 visitors per day.

To reach the iconic Machu Picchu, you have two options for train departures from different locations:

You can take a train from Cusco City (3 ½ Hours) or from Ollantaytambo town located at the sacred Valley (1:45 minutes)

Both train routes offer stunning views of the Andean landscape, allowing you to appreciate the natural beauty of the region as you approach Machu Picchu. Whichever departure point you choose, be sure to book your train tickets in advance, especially during peak travel seasons, to secure your preferred departure time.

Huayna Picchu Mountain at Machupicchu
Quechua: Hayna= young, Picchu; mountain, "young peak According to local guides, the top of the HAYNAPICCHU mountain was the residence for the high priest and the local virgins. Every morning before sunrise, the high priest with a small group would walk to Machu Picchu to signal the coming of the new day.

Altitude (8,920 ft) or 2800 meters, higher than Machu Picchu city.

The number of daily visitors allowed to enter Huayna Picchu is restricted to 400. Advance purchase of tickets online will guarantee admission.

A steep and at times exposed climb leads to the summit. Some portions are slippery and steel cables (a via ferrata) provide some support during the one-hour climb. At times during the rainy season, the tours are closed. The climb is not recommended for visitors in poor physical condition.

Moon temple at Machu Picchu
From the summit of Huanapicchu mountain there is a second trail that leads down to the Gran Caverna and the Temple of the Moon (a misnomer). These natural caves, on the north face of the mountain, are lower than the starting point of the trail. The return path from the caves completes a loop around the mountain as it rejoins the main trail.

Putucusy mountain at Machu Picchu
Putucusi “Happy Mountain” is one of the hidden mountains that surrounds Machu Picchu because very few people have visited Nice walk and climb and little bit dangerous but when you are on the top you have an amazing view from Machu picchu. (2 hours walk)

Aguas calientes town or Machu picchu town
There's not a great deal to do in Aguas Calientes it doesn't rate as a particularly pretty town being built mostly of concrete, much of which looks half finished, but I think visitors will agree that it does have its own individual charm and character. There's a feel of a frontier town about it, with the railway forming the high street and the steamy jungle-clad mountains closing in on all sides. In town you ca stop at the hot springs in Aguas Calientes town, Mondor pampa water falls

Festivities in Cusco
Cusco is renowned for its vibrant and colorful festivities throughout the year. Here are some notable celebrations in the city:

•Inti Raymi is one of the most significant Inca festivals and is celebrated annually on June 24th. It commemorates the winter solstice and honors the Sun God, Inti. The festival includes elaborate ceremonies and reenactments at Sacsayhuaman, where participants dress in traditional Inca attire and perform rituals to express gratitude for the sun's energy and blessings.

•Qoyllur Rit'i is a unique and traditional Andean festival that takes place in May or June. It is held near the Sinakara Valley, located high in the mountains. The festival combines indigenous rituals with Catholic elements and draws pilgrims from various Andean communities. Participants embark on a pilgrimage, dance, and engage in music performances to honor the Lord of Qoyllur Rit'i, a religious figure associated with the reappearance of Jesus Christ.

•Corpus Christi is a religious celebration that takes place on the Thursday following Trinity Sunday, which typically falls in May or June. The festival combines Catholic traditions with Inca customs. Colorful processions fill the streets of Cusco, featuring ornate religious statues and dancers in vibrant costumes. The festivities include traditional music, dance performances, and religious ceremonies at the main square and various churches in the city.

These festivities in Cusco offer a glimpse into the rich cultural heritage and the blending of indigenous and Spanish influences. They provide an opportunity to witness the vibrant traditions, music, dance, and spirituality that are deeply rooted in the region's history.


The country covers three major geographic and climatic zones. Coast (Desert), Sierra (Andes) and Jungle (Amazon). It is split north to south by the Andes Mountains and is covered by the Amazon Jungle in the east.

The country generally experiences two seasons: Wet season from November through March (Summer) and a Dry season from April through October (Winter).

•Best Time to Visit Peru?
Coast: the best time from December to March - Summer
Andes: the best time is from April to October - Winter
Jungle: best time from April - October

However since Peru is in the Southern Hemisphere it is also our Winter so the nights can be cold in the Cusco region, often falling to freezing in July and August but beautiful sunny days!

•Clothing for Peru?:
Coast : some synthetic tops that wash and dry quickly and these will work in the Andes, also. Fleece is the best outer covering because it is so darn light. A couple pair of jeans, two pair of dress slacks, one pair of cropped pants

Andes : Dress with clothing in layers ( t-shirt, long sleeve shirt, sweater, jacket) so you can "peel" them off as the day gets warm and put them back on when it gets colder. Bring a small backpack to carry your clothing and tourist apparel. Casual clothing is all what you need when visiting and going to restaurants

Amazon : long pants, the best thing is very thin cotton (or linen) drawstring pants, like pajama pants or thin surgical scrub pants. Rain poncho (rain coat), sunscreen (factor 50), Mosquit repellent, Avoid wearing dark clothes in the jungle--dark colors attract bugs

Mosquito repellent: the DEET concentratoin tells you how long the DEET lasts. For example, 100% DEET will last about 10 hours; 10% DEET about 90 minutes, 25% DEET 2.5 hours, etc. Also, the majority of the DEET product, when sprayed onto the skin, either evaporates or is absorbed into the body,which is why such high concentrations are required

•Weather in Cusco?
Cusco experiences two seasons: a wet season from November through March and a dry season from April through October.

The best time and most popular time to visit Cusco is between June and August. It's recommended to come in April or October, just after and/or before the rainy season and the tourist crowds.

The good thing during the rainy season is the warm weather at day time and not feeling cold at night. Even if it rains it will normally be a heavy shower and then the sun will come out again. In addition, the mountains will be lush green with potatoes and corn plantations. Full of flowers and many colors. The Dry season , It normally does not rain, but it will be chilly in the afternoons and quite cold during the night.

•Best time to visit Machu Picchu?
Machu picchu has a special weather, the area has 2 seasons, the rainy season from Nov to March and the dry season from Abril to october.

Most of the year it is foggy (early in the morning) but later that 9am it clears up! it will be sunny and blue sky, the nights are cool.

If you want to an opportunity to see Machupicchu the way it looks in classic pictures, your best chance is during the dry season.

Temperature will be the 35ºC max during the day and 10ºC max during the nights.

July and August are the busiest months because this period coincides with summer holidays in Europe and North America, Canada etc.


Peru generally maintains good health conditions. Hospitals and clinics provide adequate services, especially in Lima and the other main cities.

Consult with your doctor about preventive measures for traveling in the jungle or at high altitudes.

Drink plenty of fluids to prevent blood clots. Insurance covers you for medical expenses abroad?

Is safe to drink tap water?
It’s not advised to drink tap water owing to the bacteria and chemicals in it. Make sure that the water is boiled first.

How much water should you drink while you are in Peru ?
you should drink a 1.5lt of water every day while visiting Peru There are plenty of different options for bottled water in Peru, and all are relatively cheap. The downside of this is the amount of plastic waste that it produces.

Can I clean my teeth and wash vegetables with tap water in Peru?
Yes. While the water in Peru is not safe for drinking, it is safe for things like showering, cleaning your teeth, and washing salad. If you are more cautious or particularly sensitive then you can use pe-boiled water for these activities, but it is not necessary.

Travelers' diarrhea is the most common travel-related ailment. The cornerstone of prevention is food and water precautions. All travelers should bring along an antibiotic and an antidiarrheal drug Most cases of travelers' diarrhea are mild and do not require either antibiotics or antidiarrheal drugs. Adequate fluid intake is essential.

What medication use if you have diarrhea in Peru?
(Require Prescription)
• A quinolone antibiotic is usually prescribed: either ciprofloxacin (Cipro) 500 mg twice daily or levofloxacin (Levaquin) 500 mg once daily for a total of three days. Quinolones are generally well-tolerated, but occasionally cause sun sensitivity and should not be given to children, pregnant women, or anyone with a history of quinolone allergy.

• Xifaxan 200 mg three times daily or azithromycin (Zithromax) 500 mg once daily. Rifaximin should not be used by those with fever or bloody stools and is not approved for pregnant women or those under age 12.

• Azithromycin: should be avoided in those allergic to erythromycin or related antibiotics. An antidiarrheal drug such as loperamide (Imodium) or diphenoxylate (Lomotil) should be taken as needed to slow the frequency of stools, but not enough to stop the bowel movements completely. Diphenoxylate (Lomotil) and loperamide (Imodium) should not be given to children under age two.

• Tinidazole : is used to treat trichomoniasis (a sexually transmitted disease that can affect men and women), giardiasis (an infection of the intestine that can cause diarrhea, gas, and stomach cramps), and amebiasis (an infection of the intestine that can cause diarrhea, gas, and stomach cramps and can spread to other

May occur in travelers who ascend rapidly to altitudes greater than 2500 meters, including Cusco (3000 meters) and Lake Titicaca (4000 meters).
How to Prevent Altitude Sickness
Prevention of altitude illnesses falls into two categories, proper acclimatization and preventive medications. Start below 10,000 feet (3,048 meters) and walk up.

Medication for Altitude Sickness(Require Prescription)
* Diamox (Acetazolamide) allows you to breathe faster so that you metabolize more oxygen, thereby minimizing the symptoms caused by poor oxygenation. The usual dosage is 125 or 250 mg twice daily starting 24 hours before ascent and continuing for 48 hours after arrival at altitude.

Possible side-effects include increased urinary volume, numbness, tingling, nausea, drowsiness, myopia and temporary impotence. Acetazolamide should not be given to pregnant women or those with a history of sulfa allergy. For those who cannot tolerate acetazolamide, the preferred alternative is dexamethasone 4 mg taken four times daily. Unlike acetazolamide, dexamethasone must be tapered gradually upon arrival at altitude, since there is a risk that altitude sickness will occur as the dosage is reduced

* Dexamethasone (a steroid) is a drug that decreases brain and other swelling, helping to reverse the effects

Yellow fever shots are needed if traveling to the Amazon rain-forest in Peru, You do not need other shots to visit the rest of Peru.
You could be requested to show a vaccination certificate upon arrival to Puerto Maldonado or Manu, areas less than 2300 m in elevation. You should receive the yellow fever shot 10 days prior your arrival to Peru

Malaria in Peru: prophylaxis is recommended for all areas below 2000 m (6561 ft), including the cities of Iquitos and Puerto Maldonado

Medication for Malaria in Peru? (Require Prescription)

Mefloquine is taken once weekly in a dosage of 250 mg, starting one-to-two weeks before arrival and continuing through the trip and for four weeks after departure.
Mefloquine may cause mild neuropsychiatric symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, dizziness, insomnia,
Mefloquine should not be given to anyone with a history of seizures, psychiatric illness, cardiac conduction disorders, or allergy to quinine or quinidine

Wear long sleeves, long pants, hats and shoes (rather than sandals). Apply insect repellents containing 25-50% DEET (N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide) or 20% picaridin (Bayrepel) to exposed skin

DEET may also be applied to clothing. Products with a lower concentration of either repellent need to be repplied more frequently. Products with a higher concentration of DEET carry an increased risk of neurologic toxicity, especially in children, without any additional benefit.

Do not use either DEET or picaridin on children less than two years of age.

Note: the DEET concentratoin tells you how long the DEET lasts. For example, 100% DEET will last about 10 hours; 10% DEET about 90 minutes, 25% DEET 2.5 hours, etc. Also, the majority of the DEET product, when sprayed onto the skin, either evaporates or is absorbed into the body,which is why such high concentrations are required.

Make sure your health insurance covers you for medical expenses abroad. If not, supplemental insurance for overseas coverage, including possible evacuation, should be seriously considered. If illness occurs while abroad, medical expenses including evacuation may run to tens of thousands of dollars.


Peru recognizes that tourism plays an important part in its developing economy and has taken great steps in the last few years to change its poor security record. You'll find a lot more police, especially plain clothed officers, in the towns and cities most frequently visited by tourists. Thankfully the instances of assaults on tourists are very rare. so we can say Peru is safe

If, at the end of the day, you are unfortunate enough to be robbed … just accept it as a travel experience. Make sure that you have good insurance and that you've read the small print before arriving in Peru so you know what is required to make a successful claim

Excluding precious photos, most things can be replaced in Peru. Finally don't let it spoil your holiday and don't suddenly believe that every Peruvian is a thief. The overwhelming majority are kind, honest, hardworking people who detest the thieves probably more than you do – when they get robbed they usually don't have insurance!

Few simple precautions to be safe in Peru:
During the visit to Peru, we recommend taking the following precautions

Consider getting a copy of the passport, airplane tickets, and credit cards; likewise, think about the option of leaving personal documents in the safekeeping of the hotel and taking the copies with you.

Discover where the unsafe areas of the city are and avoid visiting them, especially at night. Also consult the appropriate hours for visiting tourist attractions.

If you must exchange money, do so in banks, exchange houses, or in your hotel. Avoid doing this in plain sight.

If you drive a car, try using a parking garage or similar service. Do not leave it in dark spots or leave valuables in plain sight.

The emergency phone number in the whole of Peru is : 105 (not 911)
The police in Lima : 225-0220
Police in Cusco:105
Firefighters : 116
Red Cross : 275-3566
Airport (International and National Flights) : 511-6055

Australia 222-8281
Great Britain 617-3050
Argentina 433-3381
Austria 442-0503
New Zealand 422-7491
Brazil 421-5650
Canada 444-4015
Chile 611-2200
Spain 513-7930
France 215-8400
Germany 212-5016
USA 434-3000
Mexico 221-1100
Switzerland 264-0305


The Nuevo Sol (S/.) is the currency of Peru (PEN = International code for the Peruvian currency. You can exchange USA $ or Euros at almost any place, banks, money changing offices, hotels, restaurants and with street money changers. Beware of false notes.

Many ATMs are available for all systems (Visa,Master Card,Cirrus, American Express and Diner's Club,etc)

You can withdraw money in Peruvian Soles or USA Dollars at most ATMs across the country.

Most ATM machines in Peru do not add any charge for withdrawing money from your home bank account, but your own bank might.

Credit cards can also be used to pay shop, hotel and restaurant bills but users should note that they will be charged between 5% and 10% commission, so ask first

if you go to Aguas Calientes (Machu Picchu). ATMs and banks are a rare find in those areas, plan to take cash with you

Many ATM’s are limited to how much you can withdraw per transaction, often 800USD or 2000Soles.

Changing money on the street is perfectly legal in Peru. Unlike other South American countries, Peru does not have a Black Market exchange rate. In fact the rate on the street differs very little from the Casas de Cambio 'exchange houses'

For smaller villages and towns, travellers' cheques may be hard to cash or the rate of exchange is ridiculously poor. For these places bring along cash US dollars. Make sure that the notes that you bring from home or accept are in excellent condition.

Even the slightest rip will make exchange almost impossible. Try to get the new style dollars with watermarks and the metallic strip embedded in the note as you're less likely to end up with a counterfeit note.


Anyone who has been to Peru can vouch for its wonderful cuisine. Sophisticated restaurants, awarded several forks, reflect the diversity of a nation that has blended its native traditions with the cuisine of Europe, the Middle East, China , Africa and Japan. The result: unique flavors that make Peruvian cuisine one of the finest and most varied in the world.

All the new restaurants now offer a variation and fusion of these dishes with more nouveau or novoandina cuisine. Be sure you try at least a few of this exquisite dishes

Main Dishes:

•Ceviche Diced marinated fish in limes served with sliced red onions and aji limo or rocoto (chili), accompanied with sweet potato, corn and seaweed.
This dish is made in many ways and the recipe is not unique. It is done with all kinds of fish, seafood and even vegetables or chicken. A new variation on this dish is called Tiradito.
The fish is cut like carpaccio instead of being diced, and it is not served with onions but with a variation of different sauces.

•Anticuchos (Quechua for Kebab) are a popular, inexpensive dish consisting of small pieces of grilled skewered meat. Anticuchos are readily found on streetcars and street food stalls, as well as in many restaurants.The meat is marinated in vinegar and spices and while anticuchos can be made of any type of meat, the most popular type are made of cow heart (anticuchos de corazon) and served with a boiled potato or corn and a chili sauce.

•Lomo Saltado (jumping beef) its a very typical Peruvian dish originated by the influence of the Cantonese-Chinese around the middle of the 19th century, it contains the seasoning and the mixture of the Peruvian creole cooking and the oriental one.It is beef sauteed with onion, tomato, soy sauce, vinegar, chili (aji) and served or mixed with French fried potatoes and accompanied with rice.You will find this dish at almost every restaurant in Peru.

•Papa Rellena (stuffed potato) - mashed yellow potatoes (papa amarilla) stuffed with minced meat, eggs, olives and various spices and then deep fried.

•Causa It is a mashed yellow potato dumpling mixed with lemon, onion, chili and oil , stuffed with avocado, tomato and boiled eggs. Varieties include stuffing with chicken, tuna, shellfish or many others added to the mixture. Served cold with black olives.

•Pachamanca - Cooked all over the Andean region of Peru, is made from a variety of meats (fish, chicken, lamb, pork and beef), herbs and a variety of vegetables, mainly many types of potatoes, that are slowly cooked underground on a bed of heated stones. Normally done at specialized restaurants on the outskirts of Lima or at big gatherings.

•Cuy Chactado (Guinea pig)A highland delicacy. If you have a chance try it. In Lima you can try it at sophisticated restaurants like Astrid & Gaston. It will have a much appetizing presentation than in many other restaurants.

•Aji de Gallina (chili chicken) Thin strips of chicken stewed with a creamy and spicy sauce, made with aji amarillo,cheese, milk, bread, and walnuts, served over slices of boiled potatoes and accompanied with white rice.Traditionally made from farm black hens, but today from chickens.

•Chicharrones - Deep-fried (in its own fat) and heavily salted pork served with fried sweet potatoes (camote) Its also eaten as a sandwich.

•Papa a la Huancaina (Huancayo-style potatoes), a dish consisting of sliced boiled potatoes, served on a bed of lettuce with a sauce made out of Aji amarillo ,milk and farmers cheese ,served with olives and a slice of boiled egg. It is actually from chosica, in Lima, made by a "Huancaina" (a person from Huancayo)

•Arroz con Pollo or rice with chicken, is enjoyed for its rich-flavored rice made with cilantro,green peas,bell peppers and cooked with beer, combined with chicken pieces.

•Cau cau - Consisting of tripe and diced potatoes and turmeric stew served with rice. The seasoning of this dish is now also used with other meats or seafood rather than tripe.

•Butifarras-a sandwich in a hamburger-type bread roll (french bread) and consisting of Peruvian ham with an onion spicy sauce.(salsa criolla)

•Carapulcra- A stew of dried potatoes, combined with pork or chicken, red chilies, peanuts and cumin.

•Empanadas Peruanas (Peruvian pastries) They can be filled either with chicken, beef, cheese or be strictly vegetarian. They have a unique taste due to the addition of olives and hard boiled eggs and raisins.These are not fried but baked.

•Chupe de Camarones (shrimp cioppino) A very popular dish of the Peruvian coastal cuisine. It is made from a thick freshwater shrimp (crayfish) stock soup, potatoes, milk, egg and chili pepper.

•Tamales: Boiled corn with pork or chicken meat and wrapped in a banana leaf. Similar are the Humitas, are corn mixed with spices, sugar, onions, filled with pork and olives and finally wrapped in the leaves of corn husks. Tamales are a common breakfast food, often served with a spicy onion sauce (Salsa Criolla)

•Seco de Cabrito - (goat stew) A pot stew after marinating with chicha de jora or beer and other spices including lots of fresh cilantro and garlic.This has become a very popular type of stew and now you an find "Seco" made with beef or chicken.

•Olluquito .-Olluco is a yellowish tuber. A stew of finely diced ollucos with charqui pieces (traditionally alpaca, or less frequently llama meat or ground beef or cheese) served with white rice.

•Rocoto relleno-(stuffed Rocotos) Rocotos are one of the very hot (spicy) chillies of Peru. In this dish they are stuffed with spiced beef , onions, olives, egg white and then cooked in the oven with potatoes covered with cheese and milk.

•Tacu Tacu: Beans mixed with rice and refried. Served with pan-fried steak, fried egg and fried bananas. A classic very filling dish.Variations are now served in many restaurants, try Tacu Tacu de Mariscos (seafood)

•Chifa: A Peruvian version of Cantonese-Chinese food. Many chifas are located all over Peru.

•Sancochado (parboil) A beefs,sausage and varied vegetable parboiled.Its offered at restaurants during winter time. You are served a clear soup and separately the different meats and vegetables.

Picarones - A sweet, ring-shaped fritter with a pumpkin base,served with a molasses syrup.

•Alfajores - Basic recipe makes use of a base mix of flour, lemon rind, margarine, and powdered sugar which is then oven-baked. Alfajores consist of two or more layers of this baked pastry, and is usually filled with either manjar blanco (a caramel-colored, sweet, creamy filling made with milk and sugar) or molasses.

•Suspiro Limeño - A very popular and typical sweet dessert made of milk, egg whites, port and cinnamon.

•Turrones - Turron de Dona Pepa, an anise and honey nougat that is traditionally prepared during October.

•Lucuma -Its a Peruvian fruit from the Inca times. Its used for desserts, never eaten raw. Lucuma juice, ice cream, and corresponding lucuma shakes are very popular throughout Peru. Chirimoya is another Peruvian fruit used in many deserts.

•Mazamorra Morada - a jelly-like dessert made with-purple maize.(same as Chicha morada)

•Tejas - Candy filled with manjar blanco and coated with a fondant-like shell. Also made with a chocolate shell (chocoteja).

•Chicha Morada - Made out of purple maize. Very sweet and popular, non-alcoholic

•Chicha de Jora - Made out of a yellow maize and fermented. Has alcohol

•Inca Kola - A very popular yellow color Soda pop.

•Pisco Sour - An alcoholic cocktail made with Peruvian Pisco , limes and sugar. Excellent but beware, its not a lemonade.


Peru has a wide range of hotels: (from basic hostels to 5 stars Hotel), varying in room capacity and quality, to satisfy the needs of all visitors. Thanks to the privatization of the chain of State-run hotels, and new foreign and national investment, accommodation for tourists continues to be greatly improved.

•Immigration card - article
I just booked a room at Cuscotheir email confirmation states "Please do not forget to bring your immigration card that is inside your passport so that you are not required to pay IGV (General Sales tax) on top of your room fees." I don't have my passport on me because it's off being renewed but if I just bring my passport along, I should have this so called "immigration card" right? Or is this something separate? TIA!

ANSWER: When you enter Peru, you will fill in an 'immigration card' (ours was a white piece of paper). Yes, present it at any accommodation so as to avoid paying the tax and keep it with your passport for safety; so you know where it is!

•Hotels in Machu Picchu
You can find hotels from 5 stars to basic hostels

Stay at the super expensive US$750 a night Machu picchu, Sanctuary lodge ,which is the only hotel adjacent to Machu Picchu ruins, or you can spend the night in one of the many hotels in Aguas calientes town


There are various types of public transport in Peru, ranging from modern air fleets to antiquated trucks. In most towns and cities, it’s easy to walk everywhere or take a taxi.

Local buses and Combies (small vans), are very inexpensive but If you want to travel long distances inter-cities it’s best to bus or fly

Main Airport Peru:
Most visitors begin by flying into Lima Jorge Chavez International Airport (LIM).

Lima Airport is about 8 hours from New York, 7 hours from Atlanta and Houston, and 6 hours from Miami. U.S. carriers include American, Continental, Delta, and United.

From Europe carriers include LAN, Iberia and KLM and non-stop flights take about 12-13 hours.

From Lima, it is a one-hour flight to Aeropuerto Velasco Astete Cusco

Airlines in Peru:
LATAM Peru :
Star Peru :

Low Cost Airlines:
SKY Airline Peru :
JET Smart:

They are a common mode of transportation for both short and long-distance travel within the country

Buses in most of the cities depart from bus terminals called Terminal Terrestre.

However it is highly recommended to pay a bit extra and going with a more professional company such as Cruz del Sur or PeruHope

recline 170 degrees but it is still difficult to sleep on them. Also, you can get vegetarian meals if you request them when purchasing your bus ticket. The companies has government policemen checking identification documents when you board the bus.

Cruz del Sur

Good quality buses with a good safety record. Website in English with the facility to reserve and pay online. Lima to Cusco between 22 hours depending on service.

Peru Hope :


Bus Cusco – Puno:
Bus Cusco - Puerto Maldonado:

They seem to be everywhere. Private cars that have a small taxi sticker in the windshield aren’t necessarily regulated. Safer, regulated taxis usually have a lit company number on the roof and are reached by phone. These are more expensive than taxis flagged down on the street, but they are more reliable.

Always ask the fare in advance, as there are no meters. It’s acceptable to haggle; especially for long trips. The standard fare for short runs in most cities is around S/.7 soles

A taxi which you can book inside the airport. It should not cost you more than $12 to 15 if you go to Lima downtown or Miraflores.

How much should I expect to pay for a taxi from the airport in Cusco to downtown of Cusco?
Take a taxi which you can book inside the airport, $5

Tipping is not the norm, unless you have hired a driver for a long period or he has helped you with luggage or other lifting.

Peru Rail is the company in charge of the railway system. There are two routes in the country; the most touristy and widely used is the Southern one, linking Arequipa, Puno and Cusco. The last route departs from Cusco to Machu Picchu.

When traveling by train, you may choose from several categories depending on your necessities and budget. The best ones are Pullman or buffet; then, first class, business/tourism and the always-overcrowded second class.

For the route from Cusco – Machu Picchu there is an auto coach, a kind of faster but costlier electric train

There are only 2 train companies

Peru Rail:
Inca Rail:

The train ride will take you: From Cusco to Aguas Calientes : 3:30 hours approx, and from Ollantaytambo town to Aguas Calientes town : 2 hours.

Peru Rail offers more daily departures to Machu Picchu compared to Inca Rail. However, both include high quality tourist services, both companies offer luxury trains such as the Hiram Bingham (Peru Rail) and the ‘The Private’ (Inca Rail).

The ‘Expedition’ and the ‘The Voyager’ services are the cheapest services of both companies.


Useful Travel Information

Find information and advices about Peru: Best time to visit Peru, weather, safety, transportation, healthy, money and thigs to do in Peru.